New Jersey Mosquito Control Association



Who We Are




Reasons for Mosquito Control

Officers and Trustees


Pesticide Environmental Stewardship Program (PESP)


The objectives and purposes of the association shall be to promote and encourage close cooperation among those directly and indirectly concerned with, or interested in, mosquito control and related work, the stimulation of educational activities to increase the knowledge of mosquito control and the advancement of the cause of mosquito control and related environmental concerns in the State of New Jersey and elsewhere. The association may also encourage such other insect control programs as the association or board of trustees may determine.

The Association's (NJMCA) primary goal is to promote, encourage, develop and record safe, effective and environmentally sound mosquito control activities n order to protect the health and welfare of the citizens of New Jersey, and to make this information available to all who may be interested or concerned with mosquito control activities.

Research and Cooperation

The Association works closely with Rutgers - The State University, State and County Mosquito Control agencies in the advancement of mosquito control with a true and sincere concern for the environment.

Public Education

The Association exhibits at numerous public functions to explain mosquito biology, mosquito borne diseases and mosquito control methods. Advice on mosquito control for the homeowner is disseminated.


The Association holds annual training sessions to review accepted mosquito control practices and regulations. Continuing education credit is given for those individuals certified to practice mosquito control in compliance with state and federal regulations.


The Association offers scholarships to stimulate educational activities that will help to expand the present knowledge of mosquito control and that of related insect pest species.

Annual Meeting

The Association holds an annual meeting to present research findings on biology, water management practices and chemical strategies for the control of mosquitoes and related insect pest of public health importance. There are presentations by representatives of various government agencies and industry to keep the association members abreast of current thoughts or concerns. Information is presented to the mosquito control community and the public. The presentations are published in the proceedings of this annual meeting.


Several member organizations of NJMCA have been recognized by various organizations which acknowledge and demonstrate appreciation of outstanding work and efforts which contribute to the benefit of the environment.

Examples of awards received by those in NJMCA include:

  • Monmouth County Mosquito Commission - An award in recognition of service by way of water management projects for mosquito control - by the Monmouth County Water Resources Association.
  • Cape May County Mosquito Commission - An award in recognition of outstanding work in "open marsh water management" and its benefit to waterfowl as a mosquito control source reduction strategy - by Ducks Unlimited.
  • Atlantic County Mosquito Control Unit - An award for excellence in mosquito control by the National Association of Counties.
  • Chistine Musa, Kenneth Bruder, Wayne Crans, Ray Ferrarin, Dan Arbegast & John Beckley - The Northeast Extension Directors' Award from the University of New Hampshire Cooperative Extension for the establishment of a black fly management program in New Jersey.



Mosquitoes plagued mankind long before history records their annoying and painful interference with daily activities. Thousands of years passed before it was learned that mosquitoes carry diseases that have killed countless millions of people, changing the course of history many times.

Early settlers of North America faced many hardships. Chief among indigenous afflictions was malarial fever which is said to have caused more anguish than the threat of Indians.

In New Jersey, historians are not sure whether it was mosquitoes or the British who drove the Swedes from the state.

Window screens, introduced in the 1880's, were called "the most humane contribution the 19th century made to the preservation of sanity and good temper."

Mosquito borne yellow fellow was known as the American plague since it had struck the bay colony in 1647. Yellow Fever also decimated Philadelphia in 1793, thus ending that city's supremacy in the young union. Approximately, the disease was stamped out by an American, Dr. Walter Reed, an army surgeon who in 1900 with a team of heroic assistants traced its source to a virus carried by the Aedes aegypti mosquito. This eliminated, almost in a single blow, one of the scourges of mankind.

With many pieces of the puzzle of the mosquito's life cycle and disease transmission coming together at the turn of this century, organized, multi-disciplinary mosquito control became possible. New Jersey had many citizens and local governments interested in a crusade against the mosquito. Dr. J. B. Smith, N.J. State Entomologist, did extensive research on the types of mosquitoes in the state and their life cycles.

Considerable public debate was given to the question whether mosquitoes could ever be controlled. Mosquito control operations grew in some towns but not in all towns. Newspaper battles raged when it was painfully noted that mosquitoes ignored municipal and even state borders.

Local boards of health funded most of the extermination work. Laws in 1906 required support for local efforts from the state experiment station. Another law in 1912 directed the creation of county mosquito extermination commissions to assure full time mosquito control.

With an increase in mosquito control workers and their rapid progress, it became clear that an organization was needed within which these workers could discuss their problems and share their experiences. In 1913, a statewide organization, the New Jersey Mosquito Extermination Association (NJMEA), was first established in Trenton at which time there were delegates from several of the county commissions who were present and the concept of an annual meeting/convention was called for by the Essex County Commission and Mr. Thomas Headlee. At the same time, Mr. Ralph H. Hunt of East Orange was named as President pro tem of this new organization. 

A convention of county commissions was planned and held on February 20 & 21, 1914 at the Hotel Traymore in Atlantic City.  Mr. Hunt presided.  On the last day of the meeting, a Committee on Permanent Organization presented a Constitution which was approved.  The first slate of officers and executive committee members at large were elected as follows:

  • President:  Dr. Ralph H. Hunt of East Orange (Essex County)
  • First Vice President: Dr. William E. Darnall of Atlantic City (Atlantic County)
  • Second Vice President: Mr. Howard B. Vannote, of Hasbrouck Heights (Bergen County)
  • Secretary- Treasurer: Dr. Thomas J. Headlee of New Brunswick (Middlesex County)
  • Members of the Executive Committee (in addition to the Officers):
  • Mr. William C. Hope of Roselle (Union County)
  • Dr. H. H. Brinkerhoff of Jersey City (Hudson County)
  • Mr. C. H. Crammer of West Creek (Ocean County)
  • Dr. William A. Westcott of Berlin (Camden County)

The annual meeting of the Association continues as a forum for New Jersey and national experts and workers to present ideas on funding and efficiency, reporting scientific results, questions and operational successes that could benefit others. The proceedings of these meetings are distributed and referenced worldwide.

The Association draws on the collective efforts of all its members and those in related fields. The executive committee has even notified commissions when improvements were needed to protect neighboring counties.

The results of work and research can be successful or unsuccessful but all information is of use. Mosquito control methods have evolved and this process has been enhanced by the association.

Recognizing a national agenda for mosquito control, 15 leaders of NJMCA and 10 colleagues from other states created the Eastern Association of Mosquito Control Workers at Trenton in 1935. In 1944 EAMCW was renamed the American Mosquito Control Association, the paramount organization in the field today.

A special meeting of the membership was held on August 14, 1974 at which point the "NJMEA" was officially terminated and the incorporation of the organization with the new name of "New Jersey Mosquito Control Association, Inc." was unanimously approved.  Today the NJMCA continues to lead the way to modern, professional mosquito control headed into the 21st century.


Reasons for Mosquito Control

Reasons for mosquito control are many and varied. Public opinion being so diverse, ranging from the "I can't stand one bite" to "leave them alone as part of nature", has made it necessary for scientists, health officials and regulators to pass certain laws for protection of humans and their domestic animals from mosquitoes. There are four major reasons for control:

Public Health

In tropical areas, mosquitoes transmit malaria, yellow fewer, dengue and encephalitis. In New Jersey we have had serious outbreaks of Eastern Encephalitis and St. Louis Encephalitis and in 1991, malaria reappeared. Dog heartworm is rarely a threat to humans but is a common and often fatal disease in canines. Control measures lessen and often prevent outbreaks of these vector borne diseases.

Public Welfare

The standard of living in America has progressed to a point where citizens wish to enjoy the outdoor recreation areas and especially their own backyards without taking extreme protective measures or avoiding certain areas altogether. The economic climate of today's tourism makes places such as campgrounds and the Jersey Shore a billion dollar industry that could be decimated by an outbreak of disease during the peak tourists season. Control measures are employed to avoid this and to enable people to enjoy their outdoor recreation.


People are important in today's world too. Many people and animals have developed allergies to mosquito bites. Sound techniques and integrated control programs are designed to benefit or to have minimal adverse effect on people, wildlife and environment. A mosquito free environment is important in today's world of active outdoor pursuits. The selection of scientifically sound suppression methods are based on consideration of what is ecologically and economically in the long term best interest of mankind.


In 1906, and again in 1912, the New Jersey legislature under the Title 26 - Health and Vital Statistics, passed laws creating mosquito control commissions, mandating county governments fund them and giving the commissions the power "to perform all acts which in its opinion may be necessary for the elimination of mosquito breeding areas or which will tend to exterminate mosquitoes within the county". A law just as valuable today has reduced mosquito populations and kept them under control.

Executive Committee and Officers

  • President: Teresa Duckworth
  • First Vice-President: Nick Indelicato
  • Second Vice-President: Doug Abdill
  • Secretary:  Stormy Freeze (Please contact for more information) c/o Cape May Department of Mosquito Control, 4 Moore Rd.  DN 607 Cape May Court House, NJ 08210 , Phone 609-465-9038 ext. 3904  Fax 609-465-7228
  • Treasurer:  Jennifer Gruener
  • Trustee Representatives:  John Betz, Jolyn Mitchell, Joe Pezillo
  • Past President: John Kranz

Click to view a list of past presidents.


Click on an agency to go to their home page.


This "Partnership Strategy Document" for USEPA's Pesticide Environmental Stewardship Program (PESP) has been developed by the New Jersey Mosquito Control Association (NJMCA), a sustaining member organization and affiliate of the American Mosquito Control Association (AMCA).


Chapter VII of the AMCA Partnership Strategy Document provides for qualified member organizations to attain PESP partnership status under the auspices of AMCA. NJMCA is the oldest ongoing professional association of mosquito control workers in the United States and heartily endorses the concept of a PESP. This document and accompanying appendices describe the current status of mosquito control activities in New Jersey. The document also details our use of an Integrated Pest Management approach to controlling mosquitoes that is consistent with the goals of the PESP.


We, the members of NJMCA, have been stewards of the environment for more than 8 decades. This platform gives us an opportunity to tell our story, establish goals for the future and create parameters for measuring achievable PESP milestones.


Read the NJMCA PESP document


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